Inconceivable Dual-Nondualism Philosophy
of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's philosophy of inconceivable dual-nondualism was written by his disciple, Jeev Goswami.
Mahaprabhu Ji (1485-1533 CE) appeared in West Bengal and graced this earth for 48 years before ascending to his divine abode, Vrindaban. He was a direct descension of Shri Radha.
He established the greatness of bhakti through his mission of nam-sankritan (chanting of the divine name).
He freely bestowed the bliss of Radha Krishn love, the divine bliss of the highest perfection, explained the stages of devotion that are achieved through selfless remembrance of the divine name, and showed through his own example that the essence of the teachings of all the Jagadgurus is that a person should relinquish all false pride and surrender to Krishna, the supreme personality of God.
The last five years of his life he constantly remained absorbed in ecstatic stages of 'Radha Bhav'. This was the first time in history that these divine expressions were revealed before human eyes.
One day he went to the Shri Jagannath Ji Temple, and in an ecstatic state of consciouness ran to embrace the deity of Jagannath Ji (Shri Krishna). He disappeared into the deity and entered into his divine abode. This occurred in 1533 when he was 48 years of age.
Although he lectured extensively throughout India, Mahaprabhu Ji didn't write his own philosophy on vedanta. Veda Vyas, who revealed all the prime scriptures of Hinduism, declared the Bhagwatam to be the essence of all the vedantas, and if the theme of the Bhagwatam were understood, it would not be necessary to undergo further scriptural studies. On the base of this, Mahaprabhu Ji accepted the Bhagwatam as the final authority on vedanta.
Mahaprabhu Ji did impart a brief teaching on the science of devotion that was comprised of eight Sanskrit verses. These were recorded and called "Shikchashtak" ('shikcha'-teaching, 'ashtak'- eight).
His disciples, Sanatan Goswami, Roop Goswami and Jeev Goswami, explained in their writings the secrets of the divine and divine love that were revealed to them by Mahaprabhu Ji.
Apart from the Bhagwatam, "Bhakti Rasamrit Sindu" and "Ujjwal Neelamani" written by Roop Goswami are considered the main authoritative books on the philosophy and ecstatic stages of divine love. "Shat Sandarbh", written by Jeev Goswami, is an elucidation of the Mahaprabhu Ji's achintya bhedabhedvad (inconceivable dual-nondualism) philosophy.
The events from his divinely miraculous life were recorded in a number of biographies written by his disciple-Saints. One of the most prominent is "Chaitanya Charitamrita" written by Krishna Das.