The Guru:
An Eternal Divine Power (Tattva)

Is the Guru a tattva? The Vedic scriptures explain there are are three eternal existences called tattva: God, soul and maya. Maya is the material power that is between the soul and God. It forms our body, senses, mind and intellect.

Even though the soul is a part of God, we are blind to this fact and feel instead we belong to the material world. We are turned away from God as a result of maya.

These diagrams show the relationship of these three tattva. The soul is surrounded by maya, but both maya and the soul are subordinate powers of God. God is
maya-dheesh, the controller of maya, the soul in maya is maya-dheen, controlled by maya, and the Saint is maya-teet, beyond maya.

A Saint's freedom from maya is also reflected in other Sanskrit terms.

For example, a soul is referred to as atma. God is param-atma, the supreme soul, and the Saint is maha-atma, a great soul -- great because he is beyond the bondage of maya.

Similarly, a soul is referred to as purush, which is
translated to mean 'being'. God is param-purush,
the supreme being. The Saint is maha-purush, a great being. He has achieved greatness because he has gone beyond the bondage of maya attained supreme Divine bliss.

The role of the Guru is so great, he is referred to as a fourth tattva. In reality, he is also a soul. He hasn't come from some place outside of the three tattvas. But he acts as an intermediary between the souls and God, joining the soul with the supreme Divine existence. He is fully Divine, yet he remains on the earth for the spiritual upliftment of the souls.

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